What a great day of math sharing today at the ATMOPAV (Association of Teachers of Mathematics of Philadelphia and Vicinity) conference at Strath Haven High School, near Philly. First, interesting “function dances” and iPad applications on developing function concepts by Scott Steketee. Then, insights into the Common Core emphasis on functions, with assessment examples from PARCC, from John Mahoney.

In the afternoon, I enjoyed presenting my session, “Encouraging Perseverance in Problem Solving” to an enthusiastic group. Hope they all find something of value from the session to take back to their schools! My speaker slides, and some related videos and handouts, are below.

Math club is a strange creature, where the content is always dependent on the interests and audience of kids who show up. Some days, we will work through interesting past contest problems. Other days, we will discuss “not taught in class topics” like Mersenne Primes or Cryptography. One day last year, we watched and enjoyed the “Pi vs e Debate“, which is fun viewing, but will produce odd looks from those who aren’t in on the joke.

Today, I challenged students to think of the “3 most important math equations” they had encountered in their high school career. This opener caused some discussion of what should be considered “important” as opposed to memorable. A few students shared their responses on the board:

This led to my presenting a video I came across recently, “10 Mathematical Equations that Changed the World”. The ranking is by no means scientific, and a few of the equations are well-above high school math.

This also produced discussion of the blurred line between physics and math, especially as students begin to take more challenging courses. Ask your students tomorrow “What are the 3 most important math ideas you have learned in your life”? Can our students summarize and prioritize their math experiences and reflect upon their learning?

As a teacher, which concepts belong on your high school math “Mount Rushmore”? Shrink down the high school math experience to the 4 most central ideas. Here’s mine:

Quadratic Formula. Is this one a gimme? One of the first times our students consider a general case and the gatekeeper to algebra 2.

A proof of the Pythagorean Theorem. I’m going back and forth on this one, thinking perhaps law of sines / cosines would be better. Pythagorean Theorem alone seems too middle-school, but being able to develop and defend a proof then moves it to a summary of geometry.

The Central Limit Theorem. The backbone of confidence intervals and hypothesis tests. If you don’t teach stats, this might be out of your wheelhouse. If you do, I think you are with me.

The fundamental theorem of calculus. Ties together all of our algebraic and abstract-thinking skills in a nice tight package before we send the kids off to college.

An opener I have used in Algebra 1 encourages discussion of composite functions, but more importantly, allows me to show of my amazing ESP powers!

To start, you’ll need a wizard and/or magic hat. A cape is also acceptable. If all else fails, the cardboard crown from Burger King will suffice.

Have students choose any number, and write it down, out of view of you…the wizard! Encourage students to choose a number which is easy to work with. Now, step-by-step, have students perform the following operations, keeping track of their answers as they go along, and always hiding their paper from you.

Take your number, and double it.

Take your result, and add 4 to it.

Take your result, and divide it by 2.

Take your result, and add 4 to it.

Take your result, and double it.

Now, have students share with you their result. Using your incredible predictive powers, you will be able divine their original number. Utilize temple massaging and mysterious gestures to maximize the effect…..

If a student says “46”, their original number is 17.

If a student says “84”, their original number is 36.

If a student says “20”, their original number is 4.

I usually do this activity twice with a class. The first time around, I suggest the students use a simple number. In the second round, I’ll allow them to try to stump me, which usually leads to some awful mental math experiences for me.

So, what’s happening here? In this activity, students are asked to do three different things to their results, which can be described by functions:

let f(x) = 2x

let g(x) = x + 4

let h(x) = x / 2

The “secret” to this ESP puzzle is revealed in this 2-minute video, used making the great FREE iPad app, Doceri:

So, as students reveal the result, your job is to subtract 12 from it, then divide by 2. This will always yield the original number, unless the student mis-applied any steps along the way (this happens!). Also, in the second go-round, I will always have a student whose answer is 50.98, or something worse. Have your mental thinking cap on!

This leads to a great discussion of the “inside-out” nature of composite functions, and the ability to recycle functions. Challenge your students to come up with their own function puzzles, and amaze the world with their math ESP!

This weekend’s big college football game on TV featured LSU. They do something at their stadium which is a bit unusual. Can you detect it?

Did you notice it? LSU is one of just a handful of schools who paint their yard lines every 5 yards, rather than 10.

Is one method, counting by 5’s rather than by 10’s, “better” than the other? Both methods communicate the field position effectively. I would argue that counting by 5’s causes the field to look more cluttered, and no doubt effects the paint budget. But there is no clear advantage to either method.

This is the same discussion we have with students when working to establish a scale for statistical displays like box-and-whisker and histogram. Should we count by 5’s? By 10’s? Does it really matter, if the communication is clear?

In every class, I always seem to have a student who wants to propose a non-traditional scale. Could we have our axis count by 7’s? Sure, but would the communication suffer as a result? It would probably suffer in the same manner as football fans scratching their heads if we painted the field lines every 7 yards….

Or what about the student who wants to use the 5-number summary as their axis markings? Let’s hire them to line the football field next time….

It’s all about the communication, and details matter. If we don’t pay attention to details, then we get un-desirable results, like this logo painted on a Minnesota football field.

Use football field photos to discuss scale, and discuss the pros and cons of 5’s vs 10’s!

In the push to encourage the integration of technology into lessons, it’s easy to get lost in a sea of apps, websites and files. Sometimes we forget that colleagues often just need help on a basic skill, which can open doors to how a teacher manages their lessons. “Print Screen” is definitely on my top 10 list of basic tools teachers should know how to use. Here is a video which walks you through:

Taking a screen capture

Pasting into Paint

Selecting what you need, and pasting into SMART Notebook

Microsoft provides this information about the Print Screen feature. Also, this video on Schooltube provides information on printing and exporting Notebook files. The Next Level PD wesbsite provides lots of quick tips and tricks for utilizing SMART Boards.

Finally, my tutorial was created using the free Screencast-O-Matic site. A quick e-mail sign-up, and you are ready to start recording!

A math error from this week’s edition of the NPR news-trivia show “Wait, Wait…Don’t Tell Me” had me chuckling, and gave me a chance to toy around with the iPad app PuppetPals. Enjoy….

Linear and angular velocity can be one of the trickier units for high school math students. The formulas and computations themselves aren’t all that imposing, mostly just some quick multiplications and divisions, but the vocabulary and scenarios can be intimidating.

We encounter some new terms here and their symbols, like angular velocity (ω), arc length (s), linear velocity (v) and using angles (θ) measured in radians rather than degrees. It’s a lot of new ideas to absorb, and the problems often require a student to assess and utilize multiple formulas. An activity which I wrote a few years ago has been taken over and perfected by a colleague. “Trig whips” allows students to experience and communicate linear and angular velocity, and provides a great excuse to get outside and move around.

TRIG WHIPS

This activity has a simple premise. In groups of 4, students stand shoulder to shoulder. One student shoulder acts as the center, and the group works together as a radius, walking in a circle. Each group records:

Individual student distance from the center

Time required to complete 3 revolutions

Angular displacement

A worksheet for this activity allows students to keep track of their data. Encourage students to switch positions and experience the effect of being the outside point.

My colleague reports that one class was able to complete the activity with a “record” 11 students. Not only did the outside student need to run hard to keep up with the group, but the inside students worked together to slow the middle.

If we had a group of 20 students, how fast would the outside student need to “walk”?

UPDATE: More kids, a longer conga line, more chaos, more fun!